Green IT stands for Green Infor­ma­tion Tech­nol­o­gy. Such Green IT involves the fol­low­ing steps towards mak­ing our day to day use of IT in envi­ron­ment friend­ly way:

  • Min­i­mize the Car­bon Foot­print of Com­put­er. Car­bon Foot­print is a mea­sure of an organization’s impact on the envi­ron­ment in terms of the amount of green­house gas­es pro­duce (car­bon Di-oxide, Methane, Ozone etc.).
  • Min­i­mize the use of hard­ware in way of networking.
  • Min­i­mize the ener­gy con­sump­tion of com­put­er devices dur­ing their life cycle.

In a sum­ma­rized way if we talked then Green IT have the cov­ered main­ly two things:

  • Min­i­mize the neg­a­tive impact of Infor­ma­tion tech­nol­o­gy use on the environment.
  • Using Infor­ma­tion Tech­nol­o­gy for solve the envi­ron­men­tal issues.images

IT con­tributed to e‑waste (like dam­age PC, elec­tron­ic devices waste like our cell phones parts, oth­er lead and chem­i­cals which used for var­i­ous devices, there waste etc.) and to Car­bon Di-Oxide emis­sions. There are many rea­sons to go Green some are:

  • Eco­nom­ic: Due to huge amount of Car­bon foot­print today’s many coun­tries envi­ron­ment lost its nat­ur­al pro­duc­tion capa­bil­i­ty (like many Lands in the world has not so much fer­til­ize to pro­duce required food grains) to pro­duce things which is a big eco­nom­i­cal issue of the coun­tries who are depend­ed on such products.
  • Social and envi­ron­men­tal: Land­fill issues, huge amount of e‑waste, PC with 15”CRT Mon­i­tor con­tains over one kilo­gram of lead and chem­i­cals includ­ing anti­mo­ny, arsenic, boron, phos­phor, nitric, hydro­flu­o­ric acid and uses huge amount of electricity.
  • Tech­nol­o­gy: Data cen­tres con­sumes 1.5% of elec­tric­i­ty total pro­duce in the world, a typ­i­cal desk­top com­put­er uses 868 KW of elec­tric­i­ty per year.
  • Polit­i­cal: Leg­isla­tive and reg­u­la­to­ry, like reg­u­la­to­ry com­pli­ance ini­tia­tives around the pow­er con­sump­tion in some places.

How to imple­ment Green IT:

In our indi­vid­ual lev­el, it could be as sim­ple as turn­ing off our com­put­er each night or when not in use. Out­sourc­ing the data cen­tres, cloud com­put­ing and using co-loca­tion facil­i­ties are addi­tion­al ways in which com­pa­nies real­ize ener­gy sav­ing and/or sus­tain­abil­i­ty. Some of the way to go Green IT way has giv­en in the following:

  • Green IT orga­ni­za­tions have devel­oped in such way that they have the abil­i­ty to imple­ment solu­tions that address over­all green IT goals.
  • Green IT man­age­ment strate­gies should be clear and sim­ple like pow­er reduc­tion, reg­u­la­to­ry com­pli­ance, decreased car­bon foot­print, oper­a­tional cost sav­ing, reduce e‑waste etc.
  • Sys­tems that are rarely used but draw pow­er should be decomposed.
  • Unused servers should be con­sol­i­dat­ed to save the servers.
  • Vir­tu­al­iza­tion allows mul­ti­ple sys­tem imple­men­ta­tions to be com­bined into a sin­gle pow­er effi­cient serv­er while at the same time allow­ing them to oper­ate “inde­pen­dent­ly” with­in sep­a­rate vir­tu­al contains.
  • Pow­er man­age­ment process­es like allows auto­mat­ic shut­down and pow­er up process­es not only for servers but also even per­son­al com­put­ers makes ener­gy sav­ing in many ways.
  • Cloud com­put­ing is anoth­er approach to gain­ing IT efficiencies.
  • Dig­i­ti­za­tion, automat­ing busi­ness process­es, pur­chas­ing ener­gy- smart soft­ware and devel­op­ing cus­tom soft­ware solu­tions enable ener­gy effi­cien­cies in business.
  • Mod­ern pow­er effi­cient sys­tems could be used, use of thin clients to achieve ener­gy effi­cien­cy could be there.

These are the some ini­tia­tive which pro­vides the way to imple­ment the Green IT for the future of our envi­ron­ment. But the main thing we have to change our men­tal­i­ty towards the way we used the ener­gy such changed men­tal­i­ty can pro­duce bet­ter result to save our envi­ron­ment and made this world a good place to live in the universe.

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